The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).
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Hastas hand gestures are the part of Angika Abhinaya and include the ways of expression through the physical body head, eyes, nose, hands etc. From the Natya Shastra, a text on the arts, this beautiful quotation and translation is often quoted by Indian classical dance instructors:.
Aharya Abhinaya – the expression through costumes, make-up and ornaments. To show Turtle, Tortoise. There is also historical evidence that the art prospered during the rule of the Satavahanas 2nd century BC. Besides, the meanings of hastas are divided into three groups:.
This is how some differences in using hastas are explained for example between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam, these styles are simply based on different sources.
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When all the fingers of the Hamsasya hasta are bent and kept close to one another on their tips, it is the Mukula hasta. When the little finger is raised up, the ring finger is kept bent and the other three fingers are separated, it is the Langula hasta. Viniyoga Sloka Etasyaviniyogastu Varaharthe tu Yujyate. Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
Viniyoga Sloka Koormahastasyavigneyaha Koormarthe Viniyujyate. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. It is used to express patience, intoxication, arrogance. To show Coronation, to worship and to show weddings. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the vastness of what being human entails, and perhaps even what the entire universe contains, might be expressed by the dancer.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Viniyoga Sloka Pranaamae Gurusambhashae Vinayangi kritaeshwayam. Two parallel schools of dance have existed since time immemorial, viz.
The problem of transferring a technique which was evolved for the male body to impersonate female, to be articulated again through the female, presents complex kinesthetical problems. There are some differences between them in either the number of hastas or in the number of their meanings. This is a list of only a few hastamudras. To show a bird couple. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. Viniyoga Sloka Chakrahastassa vigneyachakrarthe viniyujyate.
When the index finger is bent like a bow and the thumb is bent without touching the other fingers and the rest of the fingers are straightened and kept closely together, it is the Arala hasta. It is used to asamyyuta fish, crocodile.
Natyashastra and Abhinaya Darpana. If the thumb of the Mushti hasta is lifted up, it is the Shikhara hasta. To show the branches of a tree, tip of Mountains and Trees. When the fingers in the Padmakosha hasta are bent harder, it is the Urnanabha hasta because it resembles a spider.
These are called Viniyoga Slokas.
Viniyoga Sloka Aalinganaecha lajjayaam Angadaadipradarshanae Baalanaamshikshanechayaam Utsango yujyatae karaha. It is used to show opening of the windows, doors etc.
To show shanku Conch. The first evolved into Bharat Natyam and the second into Kuchipudi. Kichipudi Abhinaya – the expression through bhavas, i. Abhinaya Darpana mentions 28, 23 and 13 respectively.
Theory of the dance.
When two hands in the Anjali position are folded as if holding a dove, it is the Kapota hasta. Nattuva Mela and Natya Mela. This hasta is used for greetings and is held above the head to greet Gods, it is held between brows to greet Gurus and in front of the chest to greet Brahmins and scholars. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
It is used to show the receiving or carrying of rice, fruit, flowers and the taking or removing of water. Their meaning is not only decorative but they are also indicative of the specificity of communication and action in relation to things. To show a bird called Garuda. If the middle finger crosses with the thumb, the index finger is kept bent and the remaining two fingers are pressed against the palm, it is the Tamrachuda hasta. Retrieved from ” https: This form of dance is as prehistoric as Natya astra 1st century BC.