Results 1 – 12 of 12 Discover Book Depository’s huge selection of Yochai-Benkler books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 19 La ricchezza della rete. Riviste di cultura e industria della comunicazione, Firenze: Società editrice Y. Benkler, La ricchezza della rete, Milano: Università Bocconi Editore, See Y. Benkler, La ricchezza della rete. La produzione sociale trasforma il mercato e aumenta la libert`a, Milano, A. Kapczynski, The Access to.
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Can you please explain the concept of commons-based peer production and how it transforms the way we look at the economy? The dlela is made up of two distinct elements: Roads, sidewalks, or piazzas are commons.
Commons-based production can be commercial of non-commercial. For example, someone who performs in the piazza for money is pursuing a commercial commons-based model: Rather than responding to managerial commands, or to prices, peer producers use social motivation and communications to organize their efforts. The rise of commons-based production generally, and peer production in particular, creates a new sector in the information and knowledge economy.
It creates new sources of competition to established businesses, but also new opportunities for businesses retf are quick enough to adapt. How are freedom of speech and political liberty enhanced by open-access, many-to-many digital media? What we know, how we know it, what we think about the world and how we can imagine it becoming are central to individual liberty and political participation.
The fact that so many people can now speak, and that they are clustering in networks of mutual pointing, such as in the blogosphere, makes it much more feasible for any given individual to have their views voiced, and have them become the subject of serious public conversation. At the same time, there is a lot of nonesense on the Net. The practice of encountering nonesense is very good for us.
It teaches us to be skeptical, to inquire, cross-reference, and genrally find out for ourselves. Seeking diverse sources is a fundamentally more engaged and self-governing act than seeking authority. As we go through the world now, then, we adopt two stances that are more attractive politically.
The first is that we see things with the eyes of someone who can say something meaningful about it on a political platform that matters. The second is that we see things with the eyes of seasoned critics, rather dellla believers. What political forces in Europe and America are in your view currently supporting social production and digital freedom, and a curtailment of the monopolistic protection afforded by patents and copyright?
I think we are seeing the emergence of a global access to knoweldge movement that is a response to the successful drive, in the s and s, to extend patents and copyrights into every corner of innovation and creativity, and to integrate them into the global trade system through the TRIPS agreement in the WTO. This movement includes some surprising alliances. One element are traditional bodies of civil society: Another element are computer programmers, as individuals.
The emergence of the free software movement and open source software development has brought over a million programmers, primarily in Europe and the U. The battles over music and video, coupled with the widescale availability of attractive tools that make every teenager a potential creator, and a potential felon, have been driving the free culture student movement, and the creative commons or icommons movement. At the same time, major information technology companies are understanding that the legal ecosystem in which they operate is placing high costs on them without giving them any real advantages.
Many IT companies find themselves spending millions on patents they only get for defensive purposes, and find themselves worried that standards will be hijacked by a patent owner, or that a copyright owner will sue them for astronomic numbers because of a technology they benjler.
It is very similar to the movement we saw in the U.
It is similar to the movement in Europe to block spftware patents. And it is now happening on a global scale. For many, was the year of Web 2. Do you think social networking will got the way of the dot-com bubble, or is there really pots benkkler money to be made, like Google and Murdoch seem inclined to believe? First of all, one should not confuse the deflation of the insane stock market with a failure of takeoff for the Internet.
Social and economic practices in the information industries did in fact change, and enormous new value and productivity increases resulted. It was a period of enormous growth, innovation, and development, that had an overlay of greed and insanity.
It is ricchezaa latter, not the former, that collapsed. This is, in many senses, my answer to your question. That is to say, what we are seeing with the focus on Web 2. At some point, who knows whether in a year or five, some large number of people will get greedy and careless, and lose money. That ricchezzw not make the fact of innovation, growth, and changing business models today and less real or stable.
So yes, I do think that there is rehe whole array of business models around the information commons, some companies are already making large amounts of money from it, others are already getting to much easy cash, and there is a lot of uncertainty.
But the basic shift toward decentralized physical capital, decentralized human capital, and the need for and opporutnities represented by the integration of these newly-capable human beings into social and economic practices will be there.
I think public authorities have multiple responsibilities, including in this context to assure excellent software, for example, rste is usable by children and later students.
If free software does not fulifll these desiderata, then it is legitimate for a government to decide not to use it. They need to see beknler applications are in fact available.
I think if a platform threatens to be monopolized, or if the capabilities of systems are crippled to comply with industry requirements, such as in the case of proposed trusted systems, ricchexza yes, there is a deeper value of assuring open systems that is incumbent upon governments, and for which acquisition of free software is a central strategy.
There are other aspects of policy, however, that do support strong adoption of free software. Development policy is strongly supported by free software, because it supports benlker development of an internal market for free software developers who could then participate in a global software services market more lla than if they only know how to use proprietary systems and depend on licenses to compete.
Defense and national security bodies have tended to go with free software, partly for the robustness, but to a great extent because of the independence from any one company and the ability to tweak the software to their own needs. A commitment to an open, core common infrastructure, including a free software layer, is indeed in my view supported by a commitment to both freedom and justice.
This commitment should inform public policy decisions, but I am not ready to say that it should overwhelm other considerations across the board of procurement policy. Pubblicato in Yochai Benkler. Avvisami via e-mail della presenza di nuovi commenti a questo articolo.
The Wealth of Networks in inglese: Omnia Communia La ricchezza della Rete: Lascia un Commento Fare clic per cancellare la replica. Omnia Communia Un blog che fa proprie le tesi di La ricchezza della Rete di Yochai Benkler sul futuro dell’economia dell’informazione. Per difendere i nuovi commons e dare peso politico alla produzione sociale in rete.
Un’intervista inedita a Yochai Benkler. I contenuti originali di questo blog sono distribuiti con licenza Creative Commons 2.