Mitologjia shqiptare ështe një mitologji popullore dhe pagane e cila është pak e studiuar dhe për këtë arsye nuk ka një kodifikim të qartë se cilat janë me vlerë të . Faqet në kategorinë “Futbollistë shqiptarë”. Kjo kategori ka faqe nga gjithësej. (faqja paraardhëse) (faqja pasardhëse). Principatat shqiptare i referohet një numri të principatave të krijuar në mesjetë në Shqipëri dhe Epir që ishin të sunduar nga fisnikët shqiptar. Shekulli XII shënoi.
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Today, the size of the Albanian community in Samsun Province is considered to be much smaller and gradually shrinking because of outward migration. In this article, we are interested in the history of this Albanian community in Samsun. Ottoman Albanians, Balkan Albanians, and twentieth century Albanians. Given the lack of any research on the Albanian presence in Turkey, our questions are simple and exploratory.
All of these in the third category know a variety of modern Albanian and are mostly located in the western parts of Turkey in large metropolitan areas. According to the community leaders we interviewed, there are about sqhiptare, ethnic Albanian Turkish citizens in Samsun Province. In the s Albanian seasonal workers were employed by these Albanian Janissaries in and around Istanbul and Iznik, and in Kayserili Ahmet, the governor of Izmir, employed Albanians to fight the raiding Zeybeks.
How and why did they choose Samsun as a site of resettlement? Long-distance rural-to-urban migration also began in later years mostly due to increasing demand for education and better jobs.
Those who migrated to areas outside of Samsun Province generally preferred the cities located in encikolpedia west of Turkey, particularly metropolitan areas such as Istanbul, Izmir and Bursa mainly because of the job opportunities as well as the large Albanian communities already residing in these cities. The community was largely rural, located in the villages and engaged in agricultural activities until the s. When and where did these people come from?
It is generally believed that the Albanians in Samsun Province are the descendants of the migrants and refugees from Kosovo who arrived in Turkey during the wars of — Not surprisingly, the language is retained by some of the descendants from those of the former, but not those of the latter. Today, the descendants of Ottoman Albanians do not form a community per se, but at least some still identify as ethnically Albanian.
Shikime Lexo Redakto Redakto tekstin burimor Shiko historikun. However, it is unknown how many, if any, of these Ottoman Albanians retain Albanian language skills.
This trajectory of the Albanian community of Nish shows that the fate of this community was intimately bound up with the fate of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans and the socio-cultural composition of modern Turkey still carries on the legacy of its historical ancestor. The first category comprises descendants of Albanians who relocated to the Marmara and Aegean regions as part of the Ottoman Empire’s administrative structure. As education becomes accessible to the wider society and modernization accelerates transportation and hence communication of urban values, younger generations have also started to acquire professional occupations.
Turkish census data between and recorded the presence of Albanian speakers in Samsun Province, and the fieldwork we have been conducting in Samsun since September has revealed that there is still a significant number of Albanians living in the city and its surrounding region.
These recent migrants can be subcategorized into those who came from Kosovo in the s—s, those who came from Kosovo inand those who came from the Republic of Albania after Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters. Thus, the Albanian community founded in the s in Samsun was in many ways a reassembling of the demolished Muslim Albanian shqqiptare of Nish.
After this time, gradual migration to urban areas, particularly smaller towns and nearby cities has been observed. Whilst a significant number of people still speak Albanian fluently as the language in the family, they have a perfect command of the Turkish language and cannot be distinguished from the rest of the population in terms of occupation, education, dress and traditions.
Our research focuses on the history of migration and community formation of the Albanians located in the Samsun Province in the Black Sea region around — who would fall into the second category discussed above see Figure 1. These Balkan Albanians are the largest group of ethnic Albanians living in Turkey today, and can be subcategorized into those who ended up in actual Albanian-speaking communities and those who were relocated into villages where they were the only Albanian-speaking migrants.
The interviews we conducted with the Albanian families and community leaders in the region and the review of Ottoman history show that part of the Albanian community in Samsun was founded through three stages of successive migrations.
Our observation is that the Albanians in Samsun seem to be fully integrated into Turkish society, and engaged in agriculture and small trading businesses. How did the socio-cultural characteristics of this community change over time? The third category of ethnic Albanians in Turkey comprises recent or twentieth century migrants from the Balkans. The second category of ethnic Albanians living in modern Turkey is composed of people who are the descendants of refugees from the Balkans who because of war were forced to migrate inwards towards Eastern Thrace and Anatolia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as the Ottoman Empire dissolved.
Based on our research in Samsun Province, we argue that this information is partial and misleading.