Works of Frederick Engels A Critique of the Draft Social-Democratic Program of Written: June 18 and 29 ; First Published: .. Erfurt Program. Das Erfurter Programm (German Edition) – Kindle edition by Karl Kautsky. bereitete er zusammen mit August Bebel und Eduard Bernstein das Erfurter. The Erfurt Program of the German Social Democratic Party (). The SPD adopted the following program soon after the repeal of Bismarck’s Anti-Socialist Law.

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Their tendency is to destroy the absolutism of capital, and to procure for the worker a direct influence in the management of an industry. The system of small states and Prussianism are the two sides of the antithesis now gripping Germany in a vice, in which one side must always serve as the excuse and justification for the existence of the other.

I should insert this. Prohibition of night work, except for such branches of industry as, in accordance with their nature, require night work, for technical reasons, or for reasons of public welfare.

And, once we have turned to the subject of big landowners, should we ignore the colossal survivals of feudalism, which give the whole filthy business of German politics its specific reactionary character? The knowledge that such a right under present circumstances is just as Utopian as it would be contrary to the nature of a socialist community, has led others to deny trade unions any lasting part in economic life The program declared the imminent death of capitalism and the necessity of socialist ownership of the means of production.

First of all that which follows is an economic fact, which should be explained in economic terms. It would be a step forward in Britain where the two islands are peopled by four nations and in spite of a single Parliament three different systems of legislation already exist side by side.


They are to be deprived of any support from public funds and of all influence on public education. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Independent Labour Party,pp. No harm is done even if it contains the occasional foreign word, or a sentence whose full significance cannot be understood at first sight.

Erfurt Program – Wikipedia

Appeal in criminal cases. Free administration of justice and free legal assistance. Here I should say: If this conclusion is intended to correspond with the preamble of the Rules of the International, I should prefer it to correspond erfuurter Are they a third class of individual proyramm For the protection of the working classes, the German Social Democratic Party demands, first of all: Removal of every curtailment of political rights except in case of tutelage.

Graduated tax on income and property, to meet all public expenses as far as these are to be covered by taxation. But universal suffrage is only a part of democracy, although a part which in time must draw the other parts after it as the magnet attracts to itself the scattered portions of iron. Suspension of every restriction on political rights, except efrurter the case of legal incapacity.

Programma di Erfurt – Wikipedia

I mention them also mainly to describe the system in Germany where such matters cannot be discussed openly, erfufter to emphasise the self-deception of those who wish to transform such a system in a legal way into communist society. Direct legislation by the people through the rights of proposal and rejection. Taxes to be voted annually. Its commerce with China demands such a right to protest.

The Erfurt Program

It certainly proceeds more slowly than many would wish, but in spite of that it is at work. Hand in hand with this monopolization of the means of production goes the displacement of these erturter small businesses by colossal large enterprises, the development of the tool into a machine, the gigantic growth in the productivity of human labor. Ever greater becomes the number of proletarians, ever more massive the army of excess workers, ever more stark the opposition between exploiters and the exploited, ever more bitter the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, which divides modern society into two hostile camps and constitutes the common characteristic of all industrialized countries.


A tax on inheritance, graduated according to the size of the prorgamm and the degree of kinship. The party intended to pursue these goals through legal political participation rather than by revolutionary activity. Too much should not be sacrificed for the sake of popularity, and the mental ability and educational level of our workers should not be underestimated.

Within a few years this program encountered sharp criticism from both the left and right wings of the party, but the SPD retained it with only minor modifications until Nevertheless, somehow or other, the thing has to be attacked. Recognizing this, the German Social Democratic Party feels and declares itself to be one with the class-conscious workers of all other countries. But in their explanations its literary advocates have often acted otherwise, and still often do so 1819.

Erfurt Program

You could not be signed in. For the protection of the working class, the Social Democratic Party of Germany demands immediately: Capitalist production by joint-stock companies is no longer private production but production on behalf of many associated people. Education of all to bear arms.