Estrilda astrild. Citation. BirdLife International Estrilda astrild. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Identification record: Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) is a bird which belongs to the family of Estrildidés and the order of Passeriformes. Common Waxbill · Estrilda astrild · (Linnaeus, ). Order: PASSERIFORMES foreground recordings and background recordings of Estrilda astrild.

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Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa astrilv South America, and in Australia. Common waxbills use carnivore scat to reduce the risk of nest predation. The male sings an irregular pattern during this a display, while the female remains silent. It has a slender body with short rounded wings and a long graduated tail.

Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) – BirdLife species factsheet

Common waxbills build spherical nests out of dry grasses and keep them hidden in reeds close to the ground. Behavioral EcologyVol 16 no 1: Four to seven white eggs are laid. This includes Greenland, the Estrilsa Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.

They assemble together during the day in flocks of 20 to 40 to forage together in reeds. Finches of the genus Estrida are monogamous, mating with only one partner. Estrilda astrild finches are frequently kept caged as songbirds for human enjoyment. Burton and Burton, ; Schuetz, a According to Traylor et al. Wikispecies has information related to Estrilda astrild.

Nomadic movements reported in Satrild Africa; in South Africa, near The nests of common waxbills are often utilized by brood parasites such as pin-tailed whydahs Vidua macrouraand the waxbill parents dotingly care for these parasitic young alongside their own. Common waxbills use both song and body language to communicate. Kunkel, Mating System monogamous The breeding season for Estrilda astrild takes place in midsummer, except in winter-rainfall areas such as Southern Africa where the breeding season is between September and January.


Kunkel, ; Oren and Smith, Primary Diet herbivore granivore Plant Foods seeds, grains, and nuts Predation Common waxbill young have asfrild increased risk of predation as a result of their nests being placed so close to the ground.

To cite this page: Using survival regression to study patterns of expansion of invasive species: A model for range expansion of an introduced species: The female does most of the nest-building, but the male assists in decorating it and lining the inside with feathers. The Wilson Bulletin2: Adult common waxbills have a wingspan between 12 and 14 cm, and length of about In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands.

Food and feeding Small grass seeds, also seeds of sedges and of herbs, including esstrilda nettles Laportea ; also small insects, including ants However, there is very little information available on these subspecies.

Common waxbills are granivores, living on a diet mainly of seeds from pasture grasses and millets. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts.

While most of these introductions are thought to result from the escape of caged individuals, some regions have introduced flocks deliberately. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy.

Recommended citation Payne, R. A high reproductive rate and ability to adapt to new food sources have allowed common waxbills to successfully naturalize in many of the areas to which it has been introduced.

Juveniles are duller with little or no red on the belly, fainter dark barring and a black bill.

Common Waxbill

The cheeks, throat, and belly are a whitish-grey color, while the rest of eestrilda plumage is finely barred and the underside has a dusting of red. Race nigriloriswhen treated as a separate species, Data Deficient; also a restricted-range taxon, present in Upemba Plains Only members are able to post public comments.


The common waxbill Estrilda astrildalso known as the St Helena waxbillestfilda a small passerine bird belonging to the estrildid finch family. Females almost always flee when they receive these displays, being that they are advances from males with whom they are not mated. Common waxbill is missing in Brazil as introduced specie.

Assessing the distribution of estrildid finches asfrild Vanuatu using local knowledge. Bibliography Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.

Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking estrklda survey. Estrilda astrild finches are very social, both in song and display. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Nests are generally on or near the ground, hidden in similar, grassy vegetation.

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In Europe the common waxbill has become widespread in Portugal and is spreading through Spain. The bill astrils as if it has been dipped in red wax, providing explanation to the origin of their common name, common waxbills. He fluffs up his ventral and flank feathers, twists his tail toward the female, and the sings loudly.

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