Francesco Saverio Geminiani was an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist. Contents. 1 Life; 2 Works; 3 Criticism; 4 References; 5 External links. Concerto Grosso “La Follia”. Score. Series: Schott. Publisher: Schott. Score. Composer: Francesco Geminiani. Arranger: Francesco Geminiani. 2 solo violins . Geminiani arranged all twelve sonatas as concerti grossi between and Geminani’s arrangement of ‘La Follia’ produced a virtuosic and brilliant set of.
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The career of a virtuoso soloist and composer was more suited to his temperament. He geminianni in London in and spent most of his life there, though he travelled on several occasions to the Netherlands, Paris and Dublin, where he died in He was an immediate success, but seems at first to have performed more in the houses of the wealthy than in public.
He held no official positions though he might have become Master and Composer of State Music in Ireland had he not been a catholic.
Sir John Hawkins gives a description of his inability to direct a performance later in his life: Both Handel and Geminiani shared the need to return to their early works. Handel would sometimes transfer whole movements from one work to a new one with minimal change, but more often took just an idea from a previous work or one by someone else to set his imagination working.
Geminiani more systematically revised complete publications.
In he produced another version of opus 1 which he dedicated to Dorothy, Countess of Burlington, a distinguished patroness of music. Subsequently, he arranged the sonatas as trio sonatas, and also issued parts for ripieno violins and bass so that folila could be played as concertos.
The versions recorded here differ from the versions chiefly in the degree of ornamentation. Some of it is detailed, and it is not clear whether Geminiani is trying to make explicit the manner in which the earlier versions might have been performed, or whether he is indicating a change of taste over the quarter-century between the editions.
Some of the additions are in a French style which would probably have been foreign to the composer in Occasionally, as at the opening of the solo sonata Op 1 No 3, the later version is simpler. His didactic propensity he was later to produce an important instruction book, The Art of Playing on the Violin is shown by the indication of fingering.
Apart from the intrinsic qualities of the passionate but restrained music, they were ideal for the performing circumstances, especially of provincial England; professionals could play the difficult solos parts two violins and cello while the main body of strings could be supplemented by amateur players of less technical skill. The last of these comprises twenty-four variations on La Foliaa geminisni theme of Iberian origin which had become popular as the basis for elaboration.
This does not, as used to be thought, enable the concertino group to function without a harpsichord—the cello part is still figured and this recording properly uses two keyboard instruments—but it gives a fuller texture. This feature appears in opus 2 and opus 3 and was retained in opus 7 That set is dedicated to the Academy of Ancient Musick. The second concerto follows the normal Corellian pattern of two pairs of linked slow and fast movements.
The solo sonatas, however, are more varied in pattern and the composer seems to have tried to link each into an uninterrupted whole with short adagio links between movements. Burney and Hawkins, the great English music historians of the eighteenth century, both reveal a lack of enthusiasm for Geminiani.
Hawkins gdminiani up his qualities as follows:. Au temps de Geminiani, les Concerti Grossi, op. Selon Burney, les solos et les concertos de Corelli:.
En et enGeminiani arrangea en concerti grossi les sonates pour violon et continuo op. Die Karriere eines Konzertsolisten und Komponisten entsprach seinem Temperament besser.
In Dublin starb er Er war gleich nach Ankunft in London erfolgreich. Er handelte ein bisschen mit Bildern. Manchmal, wie zum Beispiel am Anfang der Solosonate op.
Die Kontrabassstimmen offenbaren allerdings deutlich Geminianis konservative Neigung. Zu Geminianis Lebzeiten waren Corellis Concerti grossi op. Die Viola dient stattdessen der Bereicherung des Klangs. Diese Besetzung sieht man auch in op.
Die letztgenannte Werkreihe wurde der Academy of Ancient Musick gewidmet. Hawkins fasst dessen Eigenschaften wie folgt zusammen:.
Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. Don’t show me this message again. Originally issued on CDA For a while he was leader of the opera orchestra in Naples but, according to the English music historian Charles Burney: Hawkins sums up his qualities as follows: Notwithstanding the fine talents which as a musician Geminiani possessed, it must be remarked that the powers of his fancy seem to have been limited.
His melodies were to the last degree elegant, his modulation original and multifarious, and in their general cast his compositions were tender and pathetic; and it is to the want of an active and teeming imagination that we are to attribute the publication of his works in various forms.
Selon Burney, les solos et les concertos de Corelli: Francesco Xaverio Geminiani wurde am 5. Dezember in Lucca getauft, sein genauer Geburtstag ist nicht bekannt. Seine ersten musikalischen Unterweisungen bekam er von seinem Vater. Hawkins fasst dessen Eigenschaften wie folgt zusammen: Trotz der hohen Begabungen, die Geminiani als Musiker hatte, muss gesagt werden, dass sich seine Erfindungsgabe in Grenzen zu halten schien.