Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud. Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso . PDF | Leaf and stem essential oils of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir, [an endangered medicinal Hypericaceae] were obtained in. Harungana (Harungana madagascariensis) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Harungana is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation.

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Mature leaves are relatively large cm long and cm wide and egg-shaped in outline i. Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1 2 Pages – Harungana madagascariensis can be found in medium to low altitudes in evergreen forest, usually around the forest margins and along river banks. Each flower has five tiny sepals, five small whitish petals that are somewhat hairy, and numerous small stamens that are arranged into five clusters i.

Harungana madagascariensis

Although harungana Harungana madagascariensis is currently restricted to relatively disturbed areas, there is concern that this plant may become a permanent component of tropical rainforest communities.

Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Harungana madagascariensis is known as the dragon’s blood treeorange-milk tree or haronga. Fruits are marked by glandular dots and streaks. Leaf blades about x 2. It is widely distributed from South Africa to Sudan. In Sierra Leone, the plant flowering begins in May and reaches its maximum in August and September, then tapers off around December.


It is often the first plant species to exist in a forest that has been cleared. Flowers in dense, branched, terminal heads, creamy-white, hairy inside, with glandular dots near the apex, sweetly scented.

Sepals are marked by dark red-brownish dots.

Antibacterial activity of Harungana madagascariensis leaf extracts.

Flowers are small, approximately mm. Sepals marked by maroon dots and streaks. Cotyledons broadly spathulate, margins marked with dark ‘oil’ glands, petioles relatively long and slender. Click on images to enlarge. Derivation of specific name: It can sometimes also grow as a large multi-stemmed shrub.

Cotyledons broadly spathulatemargins marked with dark ‘oil’ glands, petioles relatively long and slender. Ovary is marked by dark glandular spots. This species reproduces mainly by seed, but it also spreads laterally via the development of suckers from its roots. Harungana is an introduced species, naturalized and brought to the Harvey Creek, Babinda, and Mirriwinni areas of Australia.

While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance hrungana it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.


Choisy Haronga paniculata Pers. Flowers small, about mm diam. The upper leaf surface is dark green and hairless i. Bark brown, rough and scaly, with orange sap when damaged.

Check our website at www. These fruit turn brown as they ripen and are borne in large madagqscariensis at the tips of the branches.

Harungana – Wikipedia

Native to tropical Africa i. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during late spring and early summer.

Stamens fused into five bundles, usually two or three stamens per bundle, but single stamens may also occur. Insects associated with this species: Copyright Barry Jago 10th leaf stage. White or cream colored.

Kirkia 19 1 Page A potential weed of disturbed rainforests, forest gaps and margins, roadsides and drainage areas in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Harungana Harungana madagascariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: The reasons for its introduction have never been obvious.

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